The Canary Islands, which belong to Spain, are located in the Atlantic Ocean, about one hundred kilometres from the West African coast. The Canary Islands consist of seven main islands and several small rocky islands. The Canary Islands are particularly popular with nature lovers and active sportsmen. Each of the inhabited islands has its advantages and special features.
The largest of the Canary Islands is Tenerife. It has excellent tourist facilities and offers a mild climate all year round. The bathing beaches, like the pitch black beach in the bay of Puerto de Santiago, are fantastically beautiful. Furthermore, Tenerife has numerous well developed hiking trails that lead you over impressive cliffs. The historical towns of the island are also attractive destinations for excursions.
About a thousand kilometres from the Spanish mainland is the fourth largest island of the Canary Islands, Lanzarote. Lanzarote is of volcanic origin, which you will not only recognise by the rugged volcanic landscape. In the Timanfaya National Park you will learn exciting facts about the origin of the island. Afterwards a bath at the most beautiful beach of the island, at Playa Famara in the north, invites you. In Teguise, the former capital of Lanzarote, the church Señora de Guadeloupe is considered a landmark. Here you can discover many more cultural highlights.
Fuerteventura is the second largest island of the Canary Islands. Its capital is Puerto del Rosario. The turquoise blue sea here stands out particularly against the grey Martian landscape. There are plenty of fine, light-coloured beaches here, which makes the island particularly suitable for sun-seekers and beach holidaymakers. Fuerteventura is also the Mecca for wind and kite surfers, who find fantastic weather conditions here in summer.
The third largest island of the Canary Islands is Gran Canaria. It is considered a paradise for beach holidaymakers, is suitable for families with small children due to its flat beaches and offers a varied entertainment programme in the evenings. Famous is the lighthouse of Maspalomas as well as the Playa del Inglés with the enormous dunes. The hinterland with its deep gorges reminds of the backdrop of a western film. The interior of the island invites you to explore by moped, to discover snow-white mountain villages and fragrant pine forests.
One of the reasons why the Canary Islands attract tourists is the wide range of leisure activities on offer. Whether you prefer surfing, diving or hiking in the interior, the seven main islands of the Canary Islands are so different in terms of their geological structure and geographical location alone that there are inevitably different sports and leisure activities on offer.
For surfers the Canary Islands are a paradise, especially Fuerteventura is known for its very good conditions. Especially the north coast is appreciated by surfers all over the world. Due to the steeply sloping coastline the waves break with very high power near the coast. Especially experienced surfers love the autumn and winter months on Fuerteventura, when the trade winds are strongest and create big waves.
If you want to take it a bit easier, but still want to experience something, you should go on a hike. On Tenerife, holidaymakers can explore the Teide National Park, including Spain's highest mountain, the Teide volcano. Gran Canaria also has a mountainous interior that offers wonderful hiking routes. Especially in autumn the high peaks and wide canyons can be explored at pleasant temperatures.
In general, although the seven major Canary Islands are very different in appearance, temperatures and rainfall are relatively identical on all islands. There are actually more differences between the north and south sides of the islands than between the islands themselves. The northern coasts are generally a little cooler and have more rain. This is due to the trade winds to which the archipelago is exposed all year round and which bring partly humid air masses from the north.
No matter which island you finally choose, you will find pleasant conditions in the Canary Islands in the autumn and winter months and you will have a relaxing time.